Paul Nash joined the Artists Rifles in September 1914, and in 1917 was appointed as an official war artist recording the war in Flanders. These lithographs were first shown at the Leicester Galleries in London the following year. Arnold Bennett wrote in the exhibition catalogue ‘Lieutenant Nash has seen the Front simply and largely. The convention he uses is ruthlessly selective; the wave-live formation of shell-holes, the curves of shell-bursts, the straight lines and sharply-defined angles of wooden causeways, decapitated trees, the fangs of obdurate masonry, the weight of heavy skies …’ Nineteen mines, two of which did not explode, filled with 990,000 lbs of explosives were detonated under Hill 60 at 3.10 a.m. on June 1917. This was one of the largest explosions in history and was reportedly heard in London and Dublin. c.10,000 Germans were killed. 'Nineteen gigantic red roses sprang suddenly from the ground and, as their crimson petals fell apart, flames of all colours of the rainbow, ending in brilliant white. towered upwards.' , Reference: Postan L1. Collection: The British Council; Imperial War Museum, London; V & A, London; National Gallery of Australia.