Basil Besler published the earliest large folio botanical "Hortus Eystettensis", in Eichstatt near Nuremburg in 1613. He worked on the drawings for the 374 copper engravings for over sixteen years using the plants in the garden of his patron, Bishop Johann Vonrad von Gemmington.
Besler's engravings depict flowers, herbs, vegetables and exotic plants, such as peppers and tobacco. In modern terms, he was known as a botanist and horticulturalists, in medieval terms, a healer. He benefited from living during a time when exotic plants were being shipped to Europe from all over the world. His prints were made by a team of master engravers.