Anthony van Dyck
Famed Baroque portraitist Anthony van Dyck was admitted to the Painter's Guild of Antwerp at the age of nineteen. He trained for two years as an assistant in the studio of Peter Paul Rubens before gaining his own international renown.
Van Dyck specialized in elaborate Baroque portraits of aristocrats. His use of color and rendering of fabrics was influenced by Venetian painters Titian, Paolo Veronese, and Giovanni Bellini. In 1630, van Dyck was appointed Court Painter to the Archduchess Isabella, and in 1632, was knighted and appointed Court Painter by King Charles I of England.
In addition to his success in painting, van Dyck worked in the graphic arts and produced many drawings and some engravings. His first published set of prints, "The Iconography," was published posthumously in 1645. Eighteen of the portraits of contemporary figures included in this collection were etched by the artist himself. More often, van Dyck had engravers working under his supervision. He provided them with detailed preparatory work of either drawings or oil sketches that would direct the image the engraver worked into the print matrix. Engravers' proofs were then edited and approved by the artist.