John Henry Twachtman
American painter and printmaker, John Henry Twachtman was born in Cincinnati, Ohio in 1853. His career began as a painter of window-shades, but he developed as an artist with one of the most personal visions in American landscape painting. He received artistic training from Frank Duveneck in Cincinnati. In 1875, Duveneck sent him to Munich where he studied with Ludwig von Loefftz at the Royal Academy. Twachtman traveled to Venice with Duveneck and William Merritt Chase in 1877.
From 1883 to 1885, Twachtman studied at the Academie Julian in Paris under Louis Boulanger and Jules Lefebvre. In 1888 he won the landscape prize for the Society of American Artists and in 1889 he had a successful two-man show with J. Alden Weir. In 1898 Twachtman was a founding member of “The Ten”, an American Impressionist group.
Twachtman was greatly influenced by the Munich style, a fact that is evident in works such as “Venice Landscape” and “Landscape”.