Sam Richardson (1934-2013) left a career as Art Director for the American Crafts Council and the Museum of Contemporary Crafts in New York in the early 1960s, to return to painting and teaching. His interest in the surface of his canvases increased and gradually led him to begin shaping and forming them in three dimensions. By the late 1960s he began constructing small-scale sculptures that led him to even larger environmental works. An internationally recognized artist, Richardson resided in California, where he famously taught spatial art and sculpture at San José State University in California. His works are featured in the collections of the Dallas Museum of Fine Art; the Denver Art Museum; the Indianapolis Museum of Art; the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art; the Pomer Institute of Fine Arts in Australia; the Smithsonian’s Hirshhorn Museum and the National Museum of American Art in Washington DC; and the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York.