Camille Pissarro

French , 1830 - 1903

Camille Pissarro is widely regarded as the father of the Impressionist movement. He studied at the École des Beaux-Arts and at the Académie Suisse in Paris, and claimed the artist Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot to be his Master. He was actively involved in the Impressionist circle, and was the only artist to participate in all eight of their group exhibitions. He was an active artist until his death in 1903, and in his later years, served as a mentor to Post-impressionist artists such as Paul Cézanne and Paul Gauguin.

Pissarro is primarily known as a painter, but experimented with various printmaking methods later in his life. His oeuvre includes more than 200 prints in various techniques such as monotype, woodcut, and etching. Pissarro showed a preference for etching, and often used this technique to reproduce compositions from his painted works. He was also a proponent of the independent artistic status of original prints, and insisted on performing all steps in the printmaking process himself. In all media, his subjects remained centered on rural and urban landscapes and scenes of contemporary life.
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