Lee Ufan (b. 1936, Kyongsang-namdo, Korea) emerged as one of the founders and major proponents of the avant-garde Mono-ha ("School of Things") group in the late 1960s. Mono-ha was Japan’s first internationally recognized contemporary art movement, rejecting Western notions of representation and emphasizing materials and perception and interrelationships between space and matter. Lee creates his sculptural works using only two materials: steel and stone. In 1970, the artist explained that “[t]he highest level of expression is not to create something from nothing, but rather to nudge something that already exists so that the world shows up more vividly.” In 2014, Lee presented a major solo exhibition at the prestigious Chateau de Versailles in France.