IFPDA - Artwork
One Hundred Aspects of the Moon: no. 20, Suzaku Gate moon -Hakuga Sammi

Tsukioka (aka Taiso) Yoshitoshi

One Hundred Aspects of the Moon: no. 20, Suzaku Gate moon -Hakuga Sammi

ca. 1886

Woodblock print

oban tate-e 14 7/8 by 9 3/4 in., 37.7 by 24.9 cm

Scholten Japanese Art

New York, NY

212.585.0474

Under $2,200

More Information

signed Yoshitoshi, artist's seal Yoshitoshi no in, engraver Yamamoto, published by Akiyama Buemon, ca. 1886

oban tate-e 14 7/8 by 9 3/4 in., 37.7 by 24.9 cm

Hakuga Sammi, also known as Minamoto no Hiromasa (918-980), was the grandson of Emperor Daigo (884-930) and student of the blind musician Semimaru, who is also a subject of Yoshitoshi's One Hundred Aspects of the Moon series and was the most famous musician of the Heian Period (794-1185). Hakuga was similarly famous for his musical abilities, and played a number of musical instruments, including the koto and biwa. However, his specialty was the flute. According to legend, a demon at Rashomon Gate gave him the famous biwa Genjoua, while another demon at Suzakumon Gate, the location of this print, gave him the famous flute Ha Futatsu.

In this composition, Hakuga stands facing an unidentified, bearded foreigner, playing a duet on the yokobue. He is dressed in the hat and robes of a Heian courtier, decorated by a simple chrysanthemum pattern. They play beneath the Suzakumon, the main gate of the Daidairi or "Great Enclosure," an area which contained the imperial palace and was set apart from the rest of Kyoto.