The Wiener Werkstatte was a production community of visual artists established in 1903 in Vienna. The workshop brought together various disciplines, including architects, printmakers, designers, artists, bookmakers, to create art that would be visually understandable to everyone. The aim was to fuse beauty with practicality into a unified daily artistic experience. As the success of the workshop spread, founders Josef Hoffmann and Koloman Moser were able to establish more branches of the workshop. The workshop was forced to close after the rise of Nazism.