Raoul Dufy

French , 1877 - 1953

Popular twentieth-century painter and printmaker Raoul Dufy has a large body of work ranging from ceramics and oil paintings to fabric designs and prints. His early influences were Impressionist painters, specifically Claude Monet and Camille Pissarro. In 1900, he began studies at the École des Beaux-Arts under Père Léon Joseph Bonnat. In 1905, Dufy saw Matisse's "Luxe, Calme et Volupté," and came into the circle of the Fauves. In 1907, he worked with Georges Braque at l'Estaque, and began experimenting with the flatness of Cubism, though maintaining his colorful Fauve palette. Throughout his oeuvre, Dufy favored joyful subjects like regattas, race courses, orchestras and beach scenes.

Also around 1907, Dufy began working in printmaking while continuing his efforts in painting. He created block print illustrations for Guillame Apollinaire's 1911 "Le Bestiaire ou cortege d'Orphe." The artist's woodcuts were admired by fashion designer Paul Poiret, who in 1910 asked him to produce fabric designs. This collaboration led to Dufy's employment by the silk manufacturer Bianchini-Ferier that continued from 1912 to 1928.
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