Giorgio de Chirico
De Chirico is an important exponent of the 19th century Avant-garde artistic movement. He was born in Greece of Italian parents and left in 1906 for Italy. He was influenced by Böcklin and his decadent art, when he lived for two years in Münich. Although he often went to Paris and was a friend of Apollinaire and Picasso, he remained far from the cubist influence.
In 1932 he moved to Italy definitively. He initiated, in 1917 with Carlo Carrà (another important painter and engraver), metaphysical painting, a movement which he remained faithful to for the rest of his artistic life. His graphic works, etchings and lithographs, beginning in 1927, are inspired by themes mostly drawn from his paintings.