American conceptual artist Chris Burden was born in 1946. He received a B.A. from Pomona College in Claremont, California and an M.F.A. from the University of California in Irvine. Burden first gained international recognition in the 1970s as an influential and sometimes controversial figure in the West Coast performance and Conceptual Art movements. He began experimenting with video in 1974, using it as major component in his performances as well as for the documentation of his pieces. The Newport Harbor Art Museum in California organized a retrospective of his work in 1988 and he has performed and exhibited internationally and domestically for several years. He has been honored with numerous awards and grants, including a Guggenheim Fellowship and a grant from the National Endowment for the Arts.