Scottish painter, printmaker and sculptor, William Turnbull was born in Dundee in 1922. From 1939 to 1941 he worked as an illustrator for a national periodical publisher in Dundee. After completing wartime service in the Royal Air Force, Turnbull studied at the Slade School of Fine Art in London. He went to Paris where he spent two years and upon returning to London, he shared a studio with Eduardo Paolozzi. Turnbull and Paolozzi exhibited together in 1950 at the Hanover Gallery and Turnbull’s reputation grew when he participated in the Venice Biennale in 1952. During the early 1950s he was involved with the Independent Group at the ICA. Their sociological, philosophical and scientific ideas were of great interest to Turnbull.