Born in 1849, Christian Rohlfs studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Weimar. Initially an academic painter, he moved towards, Impressionism at the turn of the 20th century, working with Max Liebermann.
After viewing works by Van Gogh, Rohlfs found his niche and began following the Brucke artists. The high points of his work were his woodcuts, for which he was honored by the Biblioteque Nationale at an exhibition in Paris. The Nazis closed an exhibition of Rohlfs’ works in 1937.