Born in Texas, Robert Rauschenberg attended the Kansas City Art Institute and then the Academie Julien in Paris before returning to the United States. He designed and executed stage sets and costumes for the Merce Cunningham Dance Company, also serving as technical director. He also established the Robert Rauschenberg Foundation, a non-profit private organization. He currently lives and works in New York City.
His ideas and techniques had a major influence on the Pop Art movement. His revolutionary work,"Monogram," from 1959, for instance, was made of a stuffed angora goat, a tire, a police barrier, the heel of a shoe, a tennis ball, and paint. Popular culture, alternative materials, and screen printing have fueled his lifelong image-reorienting painting, printmaking, and photographic career.