Johann Friedrich Overbeck
A German religious artist, Friedrich Johann Overbeck was expelled from the Vienna Academy because of his opposition to its classicism. He went to Rome and with Peter von Cornelius, Veit, Schadow-Godenhaus and others, formed the group called “The Nazarenes”.
Overbeck’s first major successes were his frescoes for the Casa Bartholdy and the Villa Massimo. Among his best-known paintings are, “Christ’s Agony in the Garden” and “Christ’s Entry into Jerusalem”. His influence owes more to the intensity of his doctrine then to the power of his work, which often lacked pictorial appeal and color.