Amadeo Modigliani was born in 1884 in Livorno, Italy. He began to study painting when he was only fourteen and he first experimented with sculpture during the summer of 1902. In 1903 he entered the Reale Instituto di Bella Arti in Venice. Modigliani went to Paris in 1906 and settled in Montmartre where he attended the Académie Colarossi. Modigliani’s early works were inspired by Paul Gauguin, Théophile Alexandre Steinlen, Paul Cézanne and Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec. In 1907 he met his first patron, Dr. Paul Alexandre, who bought works from him prior to World War I. In 1907 and 1912 he exhibited at the Salon d’Automne and in 1908, 1910 and 1911, at the Salon des Indépendants.
Modigliani met Constantin Brancusi in 1909 when both artists were living in Montparnasse. He concentrated on sculpture from 1909 to 1914, also drawing and painting at times, but the majority of his work dates from 1916 to 1919. The only solo show Modigliani was ever given took place in 1917 at the Galerie Berthe Weill. Modigliani met Jeanne Hébuterne in 1917 and she became his companion and his model. The couple lived in the south of France from 1918 until 1919 and Modigliani died the following year at the age of thirty-six.