Tajima Hiroyuki was born in 1911 in Tokyo, Japan. He graduated from Nihon University in 1932 and from the Western-style painting division of the Tokyo School of Fine Arts in 1943. He received additional training on mokuhan from Nagase Yoshi and on fabric dyeing from Hirakawa Matsugoro.
In 1946 Hiroyuki made his first prints. During the same year he joined the Bijutsu Bunka Kyokai, a group that was instrumental in bringing abstract and surrealist painting back to Japan after WWII. During the 1960s and 1970s, Horiyuki developed a style of prints made of dense, rich pigments on complex surfaces formed by building the block up with various materials. He was inspired by the ideals of East Asian calligraphy and a sense of space influenced by Zen Buddhism.
Horiyuki became a member of the Nihon Hanga Kyokai, the Japanese Print Association in 1963. His work was shown in the Tokyo Biennale and in international competitions in 1964. Horiyuki produced landscape prints, as well, under the name Nagai Kiyoshi.