Winslow Homer was born in 1836 in Boston, Massachusetts, where, at the age of nineteen, he was apprenticed to J.H. Bufford’s lithographic firm. The quality of his work was superior, but he found it to be tedious and stifling and eventually, he left the shop to become a freelance illustrator.
Homer contributed engraved illustrations regularly to “Harper’s Weekly”, one of the most popular national magazines of the time. He spent a year in Paris studying light in Impressionism, but he was not particularly influenced by French art. During the early 1960s, he made several trips to the front lines of Civil War battles in Virginia and used the sketches from those trips to create some of his most important works.
His subjects during the mid-point of his career were rural farms scenes from the Northeastern United States, fashionable resort scenes, children at play and well dressed women. Inspired by two years that he spent in a fishing village in England, he began producing seascapes, for which he is best known. After returning to America, he spent most of his time in Prout’s Neck , on the coast of Maine. Winslow Homer died in Prout’s Neck in 1910.